Nature conservation

Threatened species

Spotted Tree Frog - profile

Indicative distribution

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The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Litoria spenceri
Conservation status in NSW: Critically Endangered
Commonwealth status: Critically Endangered
Gazetted date: 04 Dec 2009
Profile last updated: 22 Feb 2024


The Spotted Tree Frog is a distinctive frog, growing up to 6 cm in length. Skin colour is grey to olive green above, sometimes with irregular dark blotches. The belly is whitish, and both surfaces are warty or granular. The groin and back of the leg are orange. The tadpole is generally brown to black, with an elongated body and moderately thick tail that has a rounded tip. The call is a harsh "warrrk…cruk…cruk…cruk".


The Spotted Tree Frog is extremely rare and occurs in scattered, geographically isolated populations. Historically it was known from two streams in southern NSW on the north-west side of the Great Dividing Range, however both populations appeared to have become locally extinct. One population has been re-established via a reintroduction program. It is also known from 15 locations in north-eastern Victoria.

Habitat and ecology

  • Occur among boulders or debris along naturally vegetated, rocky fast flowing upland streams and rivers.
  • In summer, during the breeding season, adults bask on large in-stream boulders while juveniles occupy shingle banks.
  • In winter animals are thought to hibernate in vegetation outside of the main stream environment.
  • Feeds mostly on insects.
  • Breeding occurs from late October to early December and is heralded by calling activity.
  • Eggs are deposited under large instream boulders.

Regional distribution and habitat

Click on a region below to view detailed distribution, habitat and vegetation information.


Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
Australian AlpsSnowy Mountains Known None
South Eastern HighlandsBondo Known None