Nature conservation

Threatened species

Eastern Suburbs Banksia Scrub in the Sydney Basin Bioregion - profile

Indicative distribution

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The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Eastern Suburbs Banksia Scrub in the Sydney Basin Bioregion
Conservation status in NSW: Critically Endangered Ecological Community
Commonwealth status: Not listed
Gazetted date: 01 Dec 2017
Profile last updated: 23 Mar 2022


Predominantly a sclerophyllous heath or scrub community although, depending on site topography and hydrology, some remnants contain small patches of woodland, low forest or limited wetter areas. Common species include Banksia aemula, B. ericifolia, B. serrata, Eriostemon australasius, Lepidosperma laterale, Leptospermum laevigatum, Monotoca elliptica and Xanthorrhoea resinifera.


Once occupied around 5,300 hectares of land between North Head and Botany Bay in Sydney’s eastern suburbs. Surviving stands totalling approximately 146 hectares have been recorded from the local government areas of Botany, Randwick, Waverley, and Manly.

Habitat and ecology

  • Occurs on disjunct patches of nutrient poor aeolian (wind blown) dune sand.
  • The community possesses soil seed bank and has been observed to regenerate naturally on cleared sand where the soil profile remains intact.
  • Floristic composition and structural diversity is influenced by the size and disturbance history of the remnant.
  • Field observations indicate that after a prolonged period (>15 years) without fire or similar disturbance, the floristic composition and vegetation structure becomes simplified with a few species dominating the standing vegetation.

Regional distribution and habitat

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Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
Sydney BasinPittwater Known Randwick, Waverly, Botany Bay, Sutherland and Manly LGAs
Sydney BasinSydney Cataract Known None