Nature conservation

Threatened species

Wallum Sand Heaths

Vegetation class map

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Estimated percentage landcover for vegetation class


Open heath up to 2 m tall, or low open banksia or mallee woodland up to 5 m tall with a diverse sclerophyll shrub stratum and variable graminoid groundcover.


Mallee forms of Corymbia gummifera (red bloodwood) and small tree forms of Banksia aemula (wallum banksia) emerge above the shrubs in some areas.


Aotus ericoides, Banksia aemula (wallum banksia), Bossiaea ensata, Dillwynia glaberrima and D. retorta (egg and bacon peas), Gompholobium virgatum var. virgatum (leafy wedge pea), Isopogon anemonifolius (broad-leaved drumsticks), Kunzea capitata, Lambertia formosa (mountain devil), Leptospermum trinervium (flaky-barked teatree), Leucopogon leptospermoides, Melaleuca nodosa, Monotoca scoparia (prickly broom-heath), Ochrosperma lineare, Phyllota phylicoides (heath phyllota), Pseudanthus orientalis, Ricinocarpos pinifolius (wedding bush), Styphelia viridis (green five-corners).


Dampiera stricta, Gonocarpus teucrioides (raspwort), rush), Lepidosperma concavum, Lomandra glauca (pale mat-rush), Schoenus ericetorum (heath bog-rush), Themeda australis (kangaroo grass).


Dune crests and plains on deep podsolised coastal sands, either on extensive sand plains or perched aeolian dunes up to 100 m above sea level, but always within a few kilometres of the coast.


Scattered north from Sydney and extending along the Queensland coast. Outlying occurrences at Windang and Ulladulla. Examples occur at in many coastal national parks including Broadwater, Bundjalung, Yuraygir, Hat Head, Crowdy Bay, Myall Lakes, Botany Bay and Royal.


A distinctive group of assemblages whose composition varies with latitude. Grades into Coastal Dune Dry Sclerophyll Forests with decreasing exposure, and Coastal Swamp Heaths where soils become poorly drained. Parts of the range are affected by coastal development, sand mining and weed invasion, notably by Chrysanthemoides monilifera.


Myerscough & Carolin (1985); NPWS (2000); Griffith et al. (2000); Griffith (2002)

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See a list of species, populations and ecological communities associated with the Wallum Sand Heaths vegetation class.