Nature conservation

Threatened species

Northern Escarpment Wet Sclerophyll Forests

Vegetation class map

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Estimated percentage landcover for vegetation class


Tall dense eucalypt forest 30 - 60 m tall, with an open subcanopy of tall mesophyllous shrubs. The understorey comprises abundant smaller shrubs and a thick but patchy groundcover of ferns and herbs.


The upper canopy comprises Eucalyptus campanulata (New England blackbutt), E. laevopinea (silver-top stringybark), E. microcorys and E. saligna (Sydney blue gum ) while the lower canopy often includes Banksia integrifolia subsp. monticola, Caldcluvia paniculosa, Callicoma serratifolia (black wattle), Elaeocarpus reticulatus < /em>(blueberry ash), Psychotria loniceroides (hairy psychotria), Synoum glandulosum (scentless rosewood). In some areas Eucalyptus brunnea, E. obliqua ( messmate) and Lophostemon confertus (brush box) are abundant in the upper canopy.


Polyscias sambucifolia subsp. A (elderberry panax), Tasmannia insipida (brush pepperbush), Trochocarpa laurina (tree heath).


Eustrephus latifolius (wombat berry), Geitonoplesium cymosum (scrambling lily) , Hibbertia dentata (twining guinea flower), H. scandens var. scandens (climbing guinea flower), Petermannia cirrosa, Smilax glyciphylla (sweet sarsaparilla).


Dianella caerulea var. producta (blue flax lily), Gonocarpus oreophilus, Gymnostachys anceps (settlers flax), Adiantum formosum (giant maidenhair), Blechnum cartilagineum (gristle fern), Blechnum wattsii (hard water fern), Calochlaena dubia (common ground fern), Cyathea australis (rough treefern), Doodia aspera (prickly rasp-fern), Sticherus lobatus (spreading shield fern).


Above 600 m elevation on moist plateaux and associated slopes of the escarpmenton loams derived from fine-grained sedimentary rocks and granites. Average annual rainfall varies between 1000 and 2000 mm.


Upper eastern slopes of the escarpment and associated plateaux north from Barrington continuing into south-east Queensland. Examples occur in Washpool, New England, Werrikimbe and Barrington Tops national parks.


Moderately species-rich vegetation grading into North Coast Wet Sclerophyll Forests at lower elevations and Northern Tablelands Wet Sclerophyll Forests with decreasing rainfall.


NPWS (1999); Clarke et al. (2000)

See all threatened species associated with this vegetation class

See a list of species, populations and ecological communities associated with the Northern Escarpment Wet Sclerophyll Forests vegetation class.